By David Marcos, Viveros Provedo via Olivarama
It is to look back betwixt the lost flavours and enjoy the gift our ancestors have laid on our table
The Farga olive is probably the oldest of those cultivated in the world. It is also one of the longest-lived, as is made clear in the Territorio del Sénia, located at the joining of Aragon, Catalonia and the Valencia Region. In these lands, the olive trees have succeeded in surviving the successive civilizations over the centuries, always offering oils with unique qualities.
As they advanced along the coasts of Hispania, the Carthaginians pitilessly destroyed everything that stood in their paths. Not even the city of Chersonesos (nowadays called Peñíscola) managed to escape the barbarism and, in spite of putting up a good fight, the flames ended up reducing all its splendor to ashes.
Ayin, a young man of Phoenician origin unlike the majority of Greeks that inhabited the city, had established his dwelling on one of its streets and he had a more mercantile than warrior vocation.
This is why, just a few days before the enemy attack, he had left together with his family inland for the sole purpose of seeking refuge among the Ilercavones, an Iberian people he knew really well and was even bound to by ties of friendship.
On his feverish escape, apart from salvaging his extensive knowledge of agriculture and pottery, Ayín also managed to take some provisions with him. Enough to allow him to embark on a new life inland.
The origin of the monumental olive trees
The olives that had one day accompanied him on his journey from Syria, also kept him company as he travelled towards freedom and, although this was not his intention, ended up being remembered by the subsequent Roman tradition as the origin of the olive trees which, even today, still adorn the edges of the Sénia.
Legend attributes their toughness to the tenacity with which Ayín and his descendents sewed them on those unfertile slopes. The same that, almost twenty-three centuries later, shelter the oldest olive trees on the planet. Authentic living monuments which, in spite of having been relegated to oblivion in many instances, have nonetheless managed to survive to the present times, honouring the legendary longevity of the varietal that represents them: Farga.
Farga as a sign of identity
The olive trees of the Farga varietal are trees with an open and robust appearance, that provide generous harvests in good years and blossom early to offer small-medium sized olives, with a characteristic morphology almost reminiscent of a light bulb. These are fruits that are hard to pick, ripen late and the veraison process starts from the edge moving towards the base.
In spite of their high fat yield, juice extraction is not very easy during the pressing. Perhaps this is the reason for their enormous stability, which translates into long life and a categorical profile full of nuances.
The extra virgins from Farga olives deserve to be packed in elegant and dark glass bottles. To preserve the heritage which, over the centuries, has been enjoyed by Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths, Arabs and the modern-day Spaniards.
To savour the essence of these centenary and millennial olive trees is like reading poetry on parchment scrolls. It is to look back betwixt the lost flavours and enjoy the gift our ancestors have laid on our table.
The Farga Olive
|Polyphenols||76 ppm (low)|
|Vitamin E||240 ppm (medium-low)|
|Stability||30 hours (medium-high)|
|OTHER SENSORIAL NOTES|
|Green Banana||Occasionally present|
The most genuine Farga
Although its geographic origins are lost in the depths of history, the truth is that the Farga is currently considered a genuine autochthonous varietal of the Territorio del Sénia. In this natural region, it represents around 98% of a traditional olive grove that has managed to survive for over 2,000 years.
This is so much the case, that many of the most impressive trees that currently form part of this grove are those originally planted by the ancient dwellers. The majority of these olive trees have already been cataloged and are fiercely protected in order to guarantee their survival.
Over the centuries, the various cultures that have inhabited the region have succeeded in extracting their best oils from them. An authentic luxury that has survived to our times and which, thanks to modern extraction techniques, we are able to savor with impeccable quality.
The Farga olive is also present in the Territorio del Sénia in younger trees, descendants of those which initially colonized the area. At present, eight companies and cooperatives from the Territorio del Sénia make and pack their own Farga single-varietal oils.
El Vilar Farga
Moli de la Creu – Porta i Ferré, SAT
C/ de la Creu, 16 · 43515 La Galera (Tarragona)
Tel.: +34 977 718 338
C/ Major, 179 · 43550 Ulldecona (Tarragona)
Tel.: +34 977 720 456
Agrària Les Alboredes
C/ València, 81 · 12340 La Jana (Castellón)
Tel.: +34 964 497 001
Passeig Escoles, 71 · 43570 Santa Bàrbara (Tarragona)
Tel.: +34 977 718 069
Almazara Cervol, SCV 2º
Ptda. Damunt la Font, s/n · 12330 Traiguera (Castellón)
Tel.: +34 964 495 069
Lacrima Olea Farga
Agrícola de Godall, SCCL
C/ de la Cooperativa, s/n · 43516 Godall (Tarragona)
Tel.: +34 977 738 126
Olivos de Càlig Farga
Cooperativa La Unión de Càlig
Pl. Ramón y Cajal, s/n · 12589 Càlig (Castellón)
Tel.: +34 964 492 008
Oli del Mas Farga
Almazara V. Dellà e Hijos, S.L.
Ant. N-232, km 16,4 · 12330 Traiguera (Castellón)
Tel.: +34 615 928 536