El quinto informe sobre delitos agroalimentarios en Italia se presentó el martes en Roma, 14 2017 de marzo, en el Centro de Congresos Palazzo Rospigliosi.

More than 200,000 checks were car­ried out by Italian author­i­ties in 2016 to fight food crimes and lead the coun­try to the high­est level of food safety in the world. This was the find­ing from the fifth report on agri-​food crimes by the Italian farm­ers’ group Coldiretti, the Institute for Political, Social and Economic Studies (Eurispes) and the Agromofia Observatory.

El Estado debe estar preparado para combatir los crímenes que son cada vez más a escala mundial.- Franco Roberti, fiscal

A daily mon­i­tor­ing activ­ity was imple­mented by sev­eral law-​enforcement agen­cies includ­ing the Carabinieri (anti-​adulteration and anti-​fraud units are now sup­ported by the Command Unit for the forestry, envi­ron­men­tal and agri-​food pro­tec­tion CUTFAA, which was for­merly known as State Forestry Corp); the Organized Crime Investigation Service of Financial Police (SCICO); the Central Inspectorate for the pro­tec­tion of qual­ity and fraud pre­ven­tion of food prod­uct (ICQRF), and the Coast Guard.
Ver más: Mafia Control of Olive Oil the Topic of ’60 Minutes’ Report
“This sys­tem safe­guards not only the eco­nomic fab­ric but also the health of cit­i­zens, the envi­ron­ment and the ter­ri­tory,” said the pres­i­dent of Coldiretti, Roberto Moncalvo. “In Italy, crim­i­nal activ­i­ties in the agri-​food sec­tor come to light thank to a state of the art con­trol activ­ity.”

Además, la aplicación de la ley italiana garantiza la protección no solo a los consumidores nacionales sino también a través de los mercados internacionales, especialmente desde que el crimen organizado comenzó a explotar las muchas posibilidades que ofrece Internet.

Increasing atten­tion is being paid by con­trol bod­ies to the extra­or­di­nary devel­op­ment of the online food mar­ket over the past 5 years which facil­i­tated the pro­lif­er­a­tion of frauds such as so-​called “Italian-​sounding” prod­uct mar­ket­ing — the use of words, images and geo­graph­i­cal denom­i­na­tions which evoke Italy to pro­mote prod­ucts that have noth­ing to do with the coun­try. These fac­tors helped push the annual turnover from agri-​food crimes to €21.8 bil­lion, with a 30-​percent increase.

In this regard, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry poli­cies have con­cluded two impor­tant agree­ments with the lead­ing e‑commerce plat­forms Alibaba and eBay, and obtained good results after talks with Amazon: On the basis of this under­stand­ing, the ICQRF made almost 400 inter­ven­tions on the three web­sites, with a 98-​percent suc­cess rate, remov­ing items from vir­tual shelves with a total value of €60 mil­lion.

Los productos italianos 800 comercializados bajo denominaciones de origen protegidas, incluidos 41 PDO (denominación de origen protegida) y 3 PGI (indicación geográfica protegida), los aceites de oliva virgen extra disfrutan ahora de una mayor protección en la web.

Según el informe, organic olive oil fue el producto más controlado por la Inspección para la prevención del fraude, junto con cereales, frutas y verduras.

Entre las acciones más significativas realizadas durante el último año para salvaguardar la autenticidad del oro líquido, el documento menciona Operation Mamma Mia, lo que llevó a la incautación de aceite de oliva virgen extra etiquetado fraudulentamente como italiano.

Along with the expan­sion of agri-​food frauds at the inter­na­tional level, efforts to tackle them are directed by a more global col­lab­o­ra­tion: the State Forestry Corps, now merged into the Carabinieri, has pro­moted in recent years the Opson net­work (named after ópson, which means “food” in ancient Greek), sup­ported by the Interpol and the European police office (Europol), in col­lab­o­ra­tion with the Italian Minister of Interior.

Fifty-​seven coun­tries have teamed up to col­lab­o­rate with police forces in inter­na­tional activ­i­ties, with a method­olog­i­cal approach that assim­i­lates agri-​food crimes to intel­lec­tual prop­erty theft, since they rep­re­sent not only a food safety issue but also a vio­la­tion of tra­di­tional val­ues and col­lec­tive inter­ests.

In this sense, accord­ing to the national anti-​mafia pros­e­cu­tor, Franco Roberti, a greater coor­di­na­tion of inter­na­tional strate­gies seems to be the right tool to defeat agropirateria. "La armonización en el contraste de estos crímenes a nivel internacional, como se evidencia en otros sectores, es esencial para implementar acciones efectivas", señaló.

Teniendo en cuenta que las grandes cantidades de productos a menudo se concentran en manos de empresas multinacionales, afirmó que "el Estado debe estar preparado para luchar contra los delitos que son cada vez más a escala mundial".

The report may be requested by con­tact­ing the Eurispes and the Observatory on orga­nized crime in agri­cul­ture and the agri-​food sys­tem.



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