Perfis de Produtor

O Getsêmani e seu Azeite Sagrado

Em Jerusalém na quinta-feira passada, como todos os anos, o extra virgin O azeite produzido a partir das oliveiras do Getsêmani foi abençoado no Santo Sepulcro.

Uma visão do Getsêmani:
Abril 5, 2018
Por Ylenia Granitto
Uma visão do Getsêmani:

Notícias recentes

The Gar­den of Geth­se­mane is a small grove con­sist­ing of eight ancient olive trees located at the foot of the Mount of Olives just out­side the Old City of Jerusalem. Its name derives from the Ara­maic word gat semãnê, which means 'olive press 'e sugere a presença de um moinho nos tempos antigos.

To know that these olive trees were present at the Pas­sion of Our Lord Jesus Christ, to be here now and see that they still bear fruits is an incred­i­ble feel­ing.- Padre Diego Dalla Gassa

This piece of land is famous because, accord­ing to the Gospels writ­ten by Matthew and Mark, here is where after the Last Sup­per Jesus retired with His dis­ci­ples to pray, when He was betrayed by Judas and arrested by sol­diers and Phar­isees.

The Gospels and other sacred texts, con­firmed by arche­o­log­i­cal finds, are con­sid­ered reli­able sources on the life of Jesus, who is the founder of Chris­tian­ity but is praised and respected also by other reli­gions. The Agony He suf­fered dur­ing the last night of His life at Geth­se­mane gave this place a deep spir­i­tual sig­nif­i­cance which reaches its peak dur­ing Easter cel­e­bra­tions.

The Holy Week has just ended when we talked with the 44-year-old Ital­ian Fran­cis­can friar Father Diego Dalla Gassa, who is in charge of the Her­mitage of Geth­se­mane, to learn more about these spe­cial olive trees.

"The Cus­tody of the Holy Land fol­lowed the research activ­i­ties car­ried out in the olive grove dur­ing a study real­ized by experts in biol­ogy and plant phys­i­ol­ogy from Ital­ian uni­ver­si­ties and the National Research Coun­cil,” he explained. The projeto coor­di­nated by Gio­vanni Gian­frate and Anto­nio Cimato, aimed at eval­u­at­ing the state of preser­va­tion of the olive trees, show­ing that the por­tion of them which is cur­rently vis­i­ble dates back to the mid-12th século.


Oliveiras do Getsêmani devem estar entre as mais antigas do mundo

A three year study con­ducted on three of the olive trees located in Geth­se­mane, Jerusalem, has shown that their trunks and branches are around 900 years old, mak­ing them among the old­est known olive trees.

"Mas certamente, a parte original das plantas é muito mais antiga ”, disse Fra Diego. "We well know that it is dif­fi­cult to deter­mine the exact age of sec­u­lar olive trees due to the dete­ri­o­ra­tion of the most ancient sec­tion of the trunk. The CNR esti­mated that the aer­ial part of the trees is rel­a­tively young, prob­a­bly due to actions taken by the Cru­saders, when they arrived in Jerusalem, to pre­serve them bet­ter.”

O nível real do solo é superior ao da época, devido a depósitos estratificados ao longo dos tempos. "Analy­sis on root-core sam­ples showed not only that the olive trees belong to a unique orig­i­nal vari­ety, but also that, extra­or­di­nar­ily, all of them have the same DNA which means that cer­tainly they were prop­a­gated by cut­tings from a mother plant,” Fra Diego revealed.

Crentes em oração no Getsêmani na Quinta-feira Santa

We know that after 70 A.D., which is the date of the destruc­tion of the Tem­ple at Jerusalem, and in 130 A.D., the olive trees prob­a­bly suf­fered from rav­ages and fires fomented by the emperor Adriano e suas tropas, que não as teriam destruído completamente, pois a parte mais antiga delas foi preservada.

"A oliveira é efetivamente considerada um símbolo da vida eterna ”, observou Fra Diego. "The fact that these plants were prop­a­gated by cut­tings indi­cates that, most prob­a­bly, the Chris­t­ian cus­to­di­ans who later kept the Gar­den opted inten­tion­ally for this solu­tion: They wanted to pre­serve the genetic her­itage of the olive trees which had wit­nessed the Agony of Jesus.”

Não sabemos qual é a planta mãe, mas não se exclui que essas oliveiras foram plantadas há mais de dois mil anos. "To know that these olive trees were present at the Pas­sion of Our Lord Jesus Christ, to be here now and see that they still bear fruits is an incred­i­ble feel­ing,” the Cus­to­dian affirmed.

Fur­ther analy­sis showed that the plants are healthy and free from any dis­eases. The mosca de fruta verde-oliva não prolifera graças às altas temperaturas registradas durante o verão e, em geral, o microclima ideal da área facilita o trabalho dos guardas. Até os pesquisadores chamaram "a small mir­a­cle” the fact that the soil of Geth­se­mane seems able to pre­vent the growth of harm­ful bac­te­ria and pathogens.

Colheita no Getsêmani

The Fran­cis­can Fri­ars of the Cus­tody, mostly Ital­ians, take care of the olive trees with the sup­port of experts. Prun­ing is per­formed every year by one or two peo­ple, and the branches are cut del­i­cately based on a train­ing sys­tem not intended to increase the pro­duc­tion, but to main­tain a shape which aes­thet­i­cally fits into the con­text of a jardim sagrado.

O olival é gerido com muito cuidado, de modo a garantir que nada atrapalhe o crescimento saudável das plantas, que não necessitam de nenhum tratamento fitossanitário em particular, devido à sua excelente condição.

"Last time I took care of the har­vest we col­lected about 700 kilo­grams (1,543 pounds) of olives,” Fra Diego revealed, explain­ing that dur­ing har­vest time they gather a group of no more than 20 vol­un­teers and, if it is good weather, they start har­vest­ing on the sec­ond Sat­ur­day in Octo­ber.

Fra Diego Dalla Gassa colhendo no Gethsemane (fotos de Ylenia Granitto para Olive Oil Times)

"We need a week to con­clude har­vest­ing oper­a­tions because we gen­er­ally we work on max­i­mum two trees a day,” he added. Then, the olives are brought to a local mill where oper­a­tors take spe­cial pre­cau­tions. The Fran­cis­can fri­ars also help super­vise the neigh­bor­ing Kidron val­ley.

While the pro­duc­tion of the sur­round­ing groves is used for the main­te­nance of their con­vents, the extra vir­gin olive oil obtained from the olive trees of the Sacred Gar­den is used exclu­sively for litur­gi­cal pur­poses; that is why every year on Holy Thurs­day it is blessed dur­ing the Chrism Mass cel­e­brated at the Holy Sep­ul­cher. After Easter, the oil is sent to the parishes of the ter­ri­tory, where it will be used for sacra­ments through­out the year.


Noth­ing is wasted, and with the col­lab­o­ra­tion of local fam­i­lies, pits are used to cre­ate rosaries which will be given to fri­ars on the day for con­se­crated life, Feb­ru­ary 2nd, juntamente com uma garrafa de azeite do tamanho de um polegar.

On Holy Thurs­day, again this year, the sacred oil was blessed and the olive trees of Geth­se­mane were sur­rounded by prayers and emo­tions.

Artigos Relacionados