Na Eslovênia, o trabalho duro e mantê-lo simples

Franc Morgan plantou suas primeiras árvores há trinta anos em sua fazenda em Grintovec. Tornar-se orgânico foi o plano desde o início e ele se tornou um dos primeiros produtores de azeite orgânico na Eslovênia.

Franz Morgan
Abril 2, 2019
Por Pablo Esparza
Franz Morgan

Notícias recentes

Franc Morgan’s farm is steps away from his family’s house in Grin­tovec, a small vil­lage with a pop­u­la­tion of around 80 in Sloven­ian Istria.

Eu pensei que com pouco trabalho poderíamos plantar oliveiras. Então percebemos que não era um pouco de trabalho, mas muito trabalho.- Franc Mor­gan

His dog Col­lie — a black and white bor­der col­lier — fol­lows him while he walks down the unpaved path lead­ing to the olive grove, planted in ter­races that make the slope of the hill like a huge stair­way.

"I started from noth­ing, from zero. Just from scratch. Thirty years ago we planted the first 200 olive trees. Then 200 more… And now I believe we have around 1,000 trees”, Mor­gan tells Olive Oil Times.

Morgan’s fam­ily had always pro­duced oil for self-con­sump­tion, like many oth­ers on the coast of Slove­nia, the only region of the Euro­pean coun­try where the cli­mate allows olive trees farm­ing. How­ever, after his father died, Franc started think­ing about what to do with his land in order to keep it pro­duc­tive.

"Eu pensei que com pouco trabalho poderíamos plantar oliveiras. Então percebemos que não era um pouco de trabalho, mas muito trabalho ”, ele ri.

Tornar-se orgânico fazia parte dos planos de Morgan desde o início e ele se tornou um dos primeiros azeite biológico produtores do país.


"Nowa­days it’s easy grow­ing organic, but 15 or 20 years ago there was not a sin­gle reg­is­tered prod­uct in Slove­nia, let’s say, to treat the olive fly,” he says.

Quando perguntado como é produzir azeite biológico in Slove­nia, Morgan’s answer is straight­for­ward. "It’s as if grow­ing organic was the nat­ural path. We just con­tinue doing things like it’s always been done”, Mor­gan says.

"Temos terras muito boas para produzir azeite orgânico. Porque como você pode ver, ao nosso redor existem apenas florestas. Não há tráfego, não há fábricas prejudicando nossas oliveiras ”, acrescenta.

Slove­nia has an annual produção de azeite of around 400 tons, accord­ing to the Inter­na­tional Olive Coun­cil, far from neigh­bor­ing Croa­tia, with 4,000 tons, Italy, with more than 185,000 and Spain with 1.6 mil­lion.

The view from the mid­dle of the grove offers a panorama of a quin­tes­sen­tial Sloven­ian Istrian land­scape: a deep val­ley sur­rounded by hills where forests, vines and olive groves coex­ist.

It’s as if every hill had to be crowned by its own vil­lage. Smarje, on the left side, Grin­tovec, on the right, and Padna, with its sub­tle sky­line and Venet­ian-like bell tower, on the other side of the dale.

With a pro­duc­tion of around 1,500 liters per year, the qual­ity of Morgan’s organic oil is widely acknowl­edged. In 2018, the Mor­gans ganhou um prêmio de ouro por sua mistura de meio orgânico no NYIOOC Concurso Mundial de Azeite.

He sells 80 per­cent of the oil locally, export­ing the rest, mainly to Ger­many, Aus­tria and Italy.

Franc Morgan

"Temos clientes há 20 anos e estou feliz por continuar assim. Eu realmente valorizo ​​a confiança de nossos clientes ”, diz ele.

"Buy­ers from places like Hong Kong have shown inter­est in our oil and have asked me to send them a ship­ping con­tainer. But all our annual pro­duc­tion fits in a sin­gle con­tainer,” he jokes.

On some ter­races there are three rows of trees, oth­ers are just 4 meters wide and have room enough for just one line of trees. Some of them are recently planted. Oth­ers are around 30 years old.

Sev­enty per­cent of Morgan’s olive trees are Istrian Bel­ica, or Istrian White, the most com­mon cul­ti­var in this part of the Adri­atic coast. The rest of the farm con­sists of a mix of Lec­cino, Mau­rino and Buga vari­eties.


Being in the extreme north strip of the Adri­atic, frost is a con­stant threat for olive trees in this region, Mor­gan says, as he points to some trees affected by last year’s low tem­per­a­tures, which reached ‑8°C below zero (17.6°F).

"Temos 1,000 árvores, mas acho que é o suficiente no momento ”, ele diz à OOT.

His is a fam­ily busi­ness run by him­self, his wife and their two daugh­ters. But, as often hap­pens among Sloven­ian olive oil pro­duc­ers, all have other jobs apart from the oil pro­duc­tion.
"Every day, when we chat at home we talk about oil, olives… That’s how we live. This is our life and I am happy that it is this way,” Mor­gan says.

"Quando você passa 25 ou 30 anos com as oliveiras, é como uma oliveira por dentro. Conheço todas as minhas árvores de cor. Onde há um e outro ... Eles absorvem você, mas com uma energia positiva. Quando venho para o olival, não me sinto mais mal.

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