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New Blight Alarms California Olive Growers

The pathogen Neofabraea has been observed on both Arbosana and Arbequina trees in the Sacramento Valley, Glenn County and San Joaquin.

Neofabraea (Photo: Olive Oil Commission of California)
Jul. 26, 2016
By Wendy Logan
Neofabraea (Photo: Olive Oil Commission of California)

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The Cal­i­for­nia olive indus­try has been alerted to an alarm­ing new dis­ease that appears to be spread­ing among olive cul­ti­vars com­monly used for oil pro­duc­tion. At a recent board meet­ing of the Olive Oil Com­mis­sion of Cal­i­for­nia (OOCC), it was reported that the pathogen Neo­fab­raea had been observed on both Arbosana and Arbe­quina trees.

It’s new to Cal­i­for­nia and it’s alarm­ing, for sure.- Flo­rent Trouil­las, U.C. Davis

The dis­ease is akin to bulls eye rot” in apples and pears being grown in the pacific North­west. The pathogen was pre­vi­ously iden­ti­fied by U.C. Davis researchers in Sonoma County on olive fruits at two com­mer­cial orchards in Sonoma County in 2013, affect­ing the Coratina and Picholine vari­etals.

The newly affected region includes the Sacra­mento Val­ley and Delta: Glenn County, just north of Sacra­mento, and San Joaquin County to the south. Symp­toms include defo­li­a­tion, twig lesions, and leaf spots, and both humid grow­ing areas and El Nino appear to pro­vide favor­able envi­ron­ments for the dis­ease.

It’s new to Cal­i­for­nia and it’s alarm­ing, for sure,” said Flo­rent Trouil­las, a Coop­er­a­tive Exten­sion spe­cial­ist in plant pathol­ogy at U.C. Davis. It appeared out of nowhere. This is def­i­nitely some­thing the indus­try needs to be pre­pared for.”

Trouil­las said the research on Neo­fab­raea, specif­i­cally focus­ing on olive oil olives, was ini­ti­ated this past spring in the San Joaquin area where it hass been recur­rent. It’s quite seri­ous when you find the dis­ease has affected entire rows of trees. And we haven’t yet vis­ited any groves where table olives are grown.”

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The OOCC research com­mit­tee is now into the prob­lem and fund­ing is likely to be sought to inves­ti­gate the rot and its biol­ogy and come up with solid strate­gies that grow­ers can imple­ment to con­trol it.

Given the dev­as­ta­tion caused by the Xylella fas­tidiosa pathogen that has rav­aged more than a mil­lion olive trees in south­ern Italy over the past two years, the boom­ing Cal­i­for­nia olive oil trade should be on high alert as more is learned about the new blight.


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