`Mediterranean Diet Can Reverse Metabolic Syndrome - Olive Oil Times

Mediterranean Diet Can Reverse Metabolic Syndrome

Oct. 14, 2014
Chris Lindahl

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Marseille, France

A study pub­lished this week shows that fol­low­ing a Mediterranean diet may help reverse meta­bolic syn­drome, a con­di­tion that afflicts up to 25 per­cent of adults.

The Spanish gov­ern­ment-funded study was pub­lished today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Research led by Dr. Jordi Salas-Salvadó„ pro­fes­sor of nutri­tion at the Universitat Rovira i Virgili found that while fol­low­ing a Mediterranean diet did not lower the odds of devel­op­ing the syn­drome, it did lead to a sig­nif­i­cant prob­a­bil­ity of reversal.
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The con­di­tion is a col­lec­tion of risk fac­tors for devel­op­ing heart dis­ease, includ­ing high blood pres­sure, blood sugar, triglyc­erides and low HDL-cho­les­terol cou­pled with abdom­i­nal obe­sity. Diagnosis can occur when the pres­ence of three out of five risk fac­tors are present.

In the study, those who fol­lowed a Mediterranean diet, sup­ple­mented with extra vir­gin olive oil, were 35 per­cent more likely than those on the low-fat, con­trol diet to reverse the condition.

5,801 peo­ple aged 55 – 80 were put on a Mediterranean diet that included olive oil and nuts, or a low-fat diet. At the begin­ning of the study 64 per­cent of the par­tic­i­pants had meta­bolic syn­drome. After 5 years, 28.2 per­cent of those on the Mediterranean diet no longer met the cri­te­ria for the condition.

Because there were no between-group dif­fer­ences in weight loss or energy expen­di­ture, the change is likely attrib­ut­able to the dif­fer­ence in dietary pat­terns,” said Salas-Salvadó,

These results sup­port a long his­tory of find­ings that stick­ing to a tra­di­tional diet found in the Mediterranean can sup­port car­dio­vas­cu­lar health.

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