`Ahead of COP27, U.N. Warns Current Climate Pledges Are Insufficient - Olive Oil Times

Ahead of COP27, U.N. Warns Current Climate Pledges Are Insufficient

Nov. 6, 2022
Paolo DeAndreis

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A new United Nations report has found that the increas­ingly evi­dent impacts of cli­mate change will not be averted if the largest green­house gas emit­ters do not step up their efforts to reduce their envi­ron­men­tal impact.

Ahead of the 27th Conference of the Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP27), the world’s lead­ing inter­gov­ern­men­tal orga­ni­za­tion warned that cur­rent plans are vastly insuf­fi­cient.

The down­ward trend in emis­sions expected by 2030 shows that nations have made some progress this year. But the sci­ence is clear… We are still nowhere near the scale and pace of emis­sion reduc­tions required.- Simon Stiell, exe­cuive sec­re­tary, UNFCC

The U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) report found that cur­rent cli­mate pledges would lead to sur­face tem­per­a­tures climb­ing 2.5 °C above pre-indus­trial lev­els in the com­ing decades.

The 2.5 ºC increase would be one degree above the lim­its set by the 2015 Paris Agreement on cli­mate, which set the goal of keep­ing global tem­per­a­tures from exceed­ing 1.5 °C above pre-indus­trial lev­els this cen­tury.

See Also:Poorest Countries Seek Debt Relief, Citing Costs of Climate Change

Recent research found mul­ti­ple cli­mate tip­ping points would likely be trig­gered by 1.5 ºC of warm­ing with dev­as­tat­ing impacts on agri­cul­ture and bio­di­ver­sity.

The researchers said that 2.5 ºC of warm­ing would be even more con­se­quen­tial. They pre­dicted that some areas of the planet would become vir­tu­ally unin­hab­it­able, agri­cul­ture would suf­fer from even more extreme heat­waves and wild­fires, bio­di­ver­sity loss on land and in the oceans would accel­er­ate and large swaths of coastal areas would sink below the ris­ing sea level.

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The UNFCC said that, if enacted, cur­rent cli­mate plans would result in an almost 11 per­cent increase in car­bon diox­ide emis­sions by 2030, com­pared with 2010 lev­els. However, the orga­ni­za­tion added that this increase would be slightly below last year’s esti­mate of almost 14 per­cent, indi­cat­ing some progress has been made.

In 2019, the researchers at the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) wrote that emis­sions should be reduced by 43 per­cent by 2030 to avert fur­ther global warm­ing.

The down­ward trend in emis­sions expected by 2030 shows that nations have made some progress this year,” said Simon Stiell, the UNFCC exec­u­tive sec­re­tary.

But the sci­ence is clear, and so are our cli­mate goals under the Paris Agreement,” he added. We are still nowhere near the scale and pace of emis­sion reduc­tions required to put us on track toward a 1.5 ºC world.”

According to Stiell, national gov­ern­ments need to strengthen their cli­mate action plans now and imple­ment them in the next eight years. However, not many coun­tries seem keen to make the dif­fi­cult deci­sions required to enact these plans.

According to the UNFCC, dur­ing COP26 in Glasgow, 193 nations said they would announce new cli­mate plans. However, only 24 have sub­mit­ted their updated plans to the U.N. cli­mate unit.

It’s dis­ap­point­ing,” Stiell said. Government deci­sions and actions must reflect the level of urgency, the grav­ity of the threats we are fac­ing, and the short­ness of the time we have remain­ing to avoid the dev­as­tat­ing con­se­quences of run­away cli­mate change.”

When it comes to long-term net-zero strate­gies, the UNFCC indi­cated that some progress had been made.

Sixty-two coun­tries have net-zero plans in place. Combined, these coun­tries are home to 47 per­cent of the global pop­u­la­tion, account for 83 per­cent of the Gross Domestic Product and are respon­si­ble for 69 per­cent of energy use.

The UNFCC said these plans are a strong sig­nal that the world is start­ing to aim for net-zero emis­sions.” Still, they warned that many net-zero tar­gets remain uncer­tain and post­pone into the future crit­i­cal action that needs to take place now.”

COP27 is sched­uled to run from November 6th to November 18th in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt. It will be the lat­est in a series of global cli­mate-related meet­ings that started in 1992 in Brazil.

In the Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, 197 nations pledged to sup­port the cre­ation of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its U.N. Climate Change sec­re­tariat.

The treaty signed at the time aimed at sta­bi­liz­ing green­house gas con­cen­tra­tions in the atmos­phere to pre­vent dan­ger­ous inter­fer­ence from human activ­ity on the cli­mate sys­tem.”

The Conferences of Parties, or COPs, are meet­ings dur­ing which the par­tic­i­pat­ing nations define strate­gies to reach that goal.

COP27 is the moment where global lead­ers can regain momen­tum on cli­mate change, make the nec­es­sary pivot from nego­ti­a­tions to imple­men­ta­tion and get mov­ing on the mas­sive trans­for­ma­tion that must take place through­out all sec­tors of soci­ety to address the cli­mate emer­gency,” Stiell said.

He urged national gov­ern­ments to show at the con­fer­ence how they will put the Paris Agreement to work through leg­is­la­tion, poli­cies and pro­grams, as well as how they will coop­er­ate and pro­vide sup­port for imple­men­ta­tion.”

He also called for nations to progress in four pri­or­ity areas: mit­i­ga­tion, adap­ta­tion, loss and dam­age and finance.



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