`Mediterranean Diet Reduces Risk of Uterine Cancer - Olive Oil Times

Mediterranean Diet Reduces Risk of Uterine Cancer

By Isabel Putinja
Jun. 4, 2015 09:53 UTC

The results of a new study have revealed that women who eat a Mediterranean diet reduce their risk of uter­ine can­cer by 57 per­cent.

Published in the British Journal of Cancer, the study ana­lyzed three case-con­trol stud­ies con­ducted in Italy and Switzerland between 1983 and 2006, exam­in­ing the cases of 1,411 women with con­firmed cases of can­cer of the uterus and a con­trol group of 3,668 patients.

Case-con­trol stud­ies such as this one com­pare the cases” of those who are afflicted with a dis­ease with patients or con­trols” who do not have the dis­ease but are com­pa­ra­ble, so that fac­tors con­tribut­ing to the dis­ease may be iden­ti­fied.

The researchers used a Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) made up of the nine dietary com­po­nents which are char­ac­ter­is­tic of the diet, i.e. a high con­sump­tion of veg­eta­bles, fruits, legumes and nuts, cere­als, monoun­sat­u­rated fats like olive oil (rather than sat­u­rated fats like but­ter and lard), a mod­er­ate intake of fish, a low con­sump­tion of meat and poul­try, dairy prod­ucts, and a mod­er­ate alco­hol intake.

The researchers found that the women who reg­u­larly con­sumed at least six of the diet’s com­po­nents reduced their risk of uter­ine can­cer by 46 per­cent, while those who ate only five reduced their risk by 34 per­cent. Those who con­sumed fewer than five did not lower their risk sig­nif­i­cantly.

The study con­cludes that the results pro­vide evi­dence that the Mediterranean diet can pro­tect from can­cer of the uterus because it is high in fibre, antiox­i­dants, phy­to­chem­i­cals and unsat­u­rated fatty acids.

Dr. Cristina Bosetti, the lead author of the study stated: Our research shows the impact a healthy bal­anced diet could have on a woman’s risk of devel­op­ing womb can­cer. This adds more weight to our under­stand­ing of how our every­day choices, like what we eat and how active we are, affect our risk of can­cer.”

The study was funded by the Italian Foundation for Cancer Research, the Swiss National Science Foundation and the Swiss League Against Cancer.

The Mediterranean Diet has also been proven to pro­tect from other types of can­cer and chronic dis­eases like heart dis­ease, pro­tect against obe­sity in chil­dren, pro­mote longevity and improve cog­ni­tive func­tion.
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