`Mediterranean Diet Reduces Risk of Uterine Cancer

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Mediterranean Diet Reduces Risk of Uterine Cancer

Jun. 4, 2015
Isabel Putinja

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The results of a new study have revealed that women who eat a Mediter­ranean diet reduce their risk of uter­ine can­cer by 57 per­cent.

Pub­lished in the British Jour­nal of Can­cer, the study ana­lyzed three case-con­trol stud­ies con­ducted in Italy and Switzer­land between 1983 and 2006, exam­in­ing the cases of 1,411 women with con­firmed cases of can­cer of the uterus and a con­trol group of 3,668 patients.

Case-con­trol stud­ies such as this one com­pare the cases” of those who are afflicted with a dis­ease with patients or con­trols” who do not have the dis­ease but are com­pa­ra­ble, so that fac­tors con­tribut­ing to the dis­ease may be iden­ti­fied.

The researchers used a Mediter­ranean Diet Score (MDS) made up of the nine dietary com­po­nents which are char­ac­ter­is­tic of the diet, i.e. a high con­sump­tion of veg­eta­bles, fruits, legumes and nuts, cere­als, monoun­sat­u­rated fats like olive oil (rather than sat­u­rated fats like but­ter and lard), a mod­er­ate intake of fish, a low con­sump­tion of meat and poul­try, dairy prod­ucts, and a mod­er­ate alco­hol intake.

The researchers found that the women who reg­u­larly con­sumed at least six of the diet’s com­po­nents reduced their risk of uter­ine can­cer by 46 per­cent, while those who ate only five reduced their risk by 34 per­cent. Those who con­sumed fewer than five did not lower their risk sig­nif­i­cantly.

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The study con­cludes that the results pro­vide evi­dence that the Mediter­ranean diet can pro­tect from can­cer of the uterus because it is high in fibre, antiox­i­dants, phy­to­chem­i­cals and unsat­u­rated fatty acids.

Dr. Cristina Bosetti, the lead author of the study stated: Our research shows the impact a healthy bal­anced diet could have on a woman’s risk of devel­op­ing womb can­cer. This adds more weight to our under­stand­ing of how our every­day choices, like what we eat and how active we are, affect our risk of can­cer.”

The study was funded by the Ital­ian Foun­da­tion for Can­cer Research, the Swiss National Sci­ence Foun­da­tion and the Swiss League Against Can­cer.

The Mediter­ranean Diet has also been proven to pro­tect from other types of can­cer and chronic dis­eases like heart dis­ease, pro­tect against obe­sity in chil­dren, pro­mote longevity and improve cog­ni­tive func­tion.
See more: Olive Oil Health Ben­e­fits



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