A new US study has found that a Mediterranean diet may significantly reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease.
The study, “The Association between a Mediterranean-Style Diet and Kidney Function in the Northern Manhattan Study Cohort” by Dr Minesh Khatri of Columbia University Medical Center and his colleagues, was published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
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While the Mediterranean diet has long been associated with a decrease in cardiovascular risks, the researchers of this study aimed to find out if the diet can also encourage a positive change in kidney function and a lower risk of kidney disease. A Mediterranean diet includes fruits and vegetables, fish, legumes, and healthy fats like extra virgin olive oil.
This study followed 900 multiethnic participants for close to seven years, monitoring the degree of their adherence to the Mediterranean diet through a points system.
The results of the study indicate that “dietary patterns that closely resembled the Mediterranean diet were linked with a 50 percent reduced risk of developing chronic kidney disease and a 42 percent reduced risk of experiencing rapid kidney function decline.”
For every point in the Mediterranean diet score, the doctors noted a 17 percent lower likelihood of developing chronic kidney disease.
According to the National Kidney Foundation, kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the US, with 1 in 3 Americans at risk of developing the disease.